The 2018 Barometer was conducted in three stages:
- A sociological study carried out in May 2017 identified the four major motivation factors of feeling useful.
- An international qualitative study was conducted in September/October 2017.
Interviews were conducted among medical staff, facility managers, residents at long-term care nursing homes and post-acute and rehabilitation facilities, elderly people living at home, and carers.
- The Barometer questions were then drawn up based on the results of the research from the two previous stages.
In total, 4,025 seniors aged 65 and over were asked how they felt about their well-being and usefulness, their relationships with other people, using new technologies, and the extent to which they anticipated becoming dependent.
Remarkably, the same questions were put to an equivalent representative mirror sample of people aged 15-64, to highlight how these generations perceive the third and fourth ages.
Once again, the barometer debunked a certain number of myths.
Although the 2018 results experienced a drop, they remain positive and translate the outlook of seniors today, revealing that they want to make their own decisions and feel useful. The way they see it, being useful hinges on being independent and embracing the world around them by using new technologies.
However, certain divides are beginning to form, especially in regard to the most fragile populations, such as women over 80 and people who live alone or are very ill.
Professionals need to take account of this shift in the way seniors view ageing, and change the care solutions they propose accordingly. That’s why it is important for the Foundation to continue encouraging conversations about the elderly, promoting and supporting initiatives to foster a more inclusive society, and eradicating prejudice between generations.